TheTITLE: One-Way speed of light is measured .

ABSTRACT

The Author measured, for the first time, superluminal speed, i.e. light travelling faster than the so called fixed “speed of light”. Showing the existence of light travelling faster than the “speed of light”, in one stroke completely disproves relativity.

This is how the Author measured this speed:

Speed is distance over time. To measure, two clocks are needed at the ends of this distance. The clocks must have “the same time”, - synchronised together.

This was so difficult to achieve, that until now nobody has succeeded to measure the one-way speed of light. But now, for the first time, the Author did measure the one-way speed of light, independent of synchronisation. Did not try to measure directly but measured an

In this paper the Author described 2 experiments and by repeating the experiment, this will supply official experimental proof, in a single stroke, that absurdities, like length contraction, time dilation, “the twin paradox” never existed. The Lorentz factor and consequently the Einstein relativity is now one of the great mistakes inflicted on physics.

Why it matters? Because now, speeds in Accelerators reaching close to the speed of light and invoking Relativity, it would result that some thousand times more energy would be needed to reach those speeds – which is an error of a thousand and further, according relativity, no “superluminal” is possible.

It is an accepted belief that without relativity modern technology would not work.

CONTENT

The speed of every forward moving light source is added to the speed of light –

resulting “superluminal” light speed. If the receiver moves against the emitted light, the result will be also “superluminal”. In everyday speeds this added increase compared to the speed of light was so minute, was not measurable.

The Author had to experiment with a much faster speed: The Earth orbital speed, compared to a star-ray opposite of the Earth orbit is 30 km/second and the speed of light is 300,000 km/second - This makes it a 1/10thousand difference, a 1/10thousand times light-speed increase to be measured.

The Michaelson-Morley did not measure the one-way speed of light.

The Author had to devise a new way of measurement: Did not to try to measure speed directly but

The Author invented a special telescope.

The telescope contained a prism at the front of the lens, this is the most vital part. The telescope first aimed to a faraway light, then to a star. The design allows the light to take two paths to the camera sensor, one path is through the prism and one part is direct. Mirrors are adjusted so that the two images will fall close together on the DSLR camera sensor.

Any difference between the 2 refraction angles, as determined by measuring the distance in pixels between the star’s image from the 2 parts and the images from a faraway light source indicated a light speed change. Using the equation of the Snells law the result can be calculated. This resulted in a 10 arc-second increase of the refraction angle which meant about 50 thousand km/hr speed change = faster than the fixed “speed of light”.

This first telescope was not professionally made. Obviously to certify it, another instrument must be made, which the Author is not able to do, without funds and facilities.

So, I am asking institutions or individuals to repeat my experiment.

The repeat experiment then, once and for all, will remove the restriction which relativity imposed on physics and at the same time proves that the nonsense of the Lorentz factor could not exist in real life.

And then they can be the first in physics to experimentally succeed to measure superluminal speeds.

Sole author: Stephen Deratz Email: deratz88@gmail.com

In addition the author invented a simpler experiment to measure the speed of light in One-Way and prove that light is anisotropic. The Deratz experiment:

The experiment consists of 2 refracting telescopes, mounted at 90 degree, each with focal length 600 mm. They produced a sharp image of a star at the sensors of the 2 identical digital SLR camera bodies. Telescope 2 aimed

directly at the star, telescope 1 at 90 degree via a 45 degree mirror. Both cameras released simultaneously .

First, aim at a faraway point-light on Earth and align the images of the two cameras.(fine-adjusting the mirror)

Then, aim at a star opposite the Earth orbital path. (use illuminated red dot or crosshair in the optical viewfinder of the camera).

If light travels in respect to its receiver = the orbital speed of the Earth, then this speed, v, will be added to the lightspeed incident to the mirror, resulting, v+c. but the 90-degree mirror reflected light is c . Changing the speed of the light, v+c to c, will change the angle. This angle will shift the image on the sensor of the camera, which can be evaluated. An angle of 20 arcsecond (which is also the angle of the aberration of the star,) results in a 13 pixel shift in a 12 Mp camera , or 26 pixel shift in a 24 Mp camera, which is decisive proof that light was always anisotropic.

This experiment, the “Deratz (anisotropic) experiment” is simple and uses standard parts.

Yet, it can measure the One-Way speed of light and completely disproves relativity.

Sole author: Stephen Deratz Email: deratz88@gmail.com

*Sole Author: Stephen Deratz, Email: deratz88@gmail.com*ABSTRACT

The Author measured, for the first time, superluminal speed, i.e. light travelling faster than the so called fixed “speed of light”. Showing the existence of light travelling faster than the “speed of light”, in one stroke completely disproves relativity.

This is how the Author measured this speed:

Speed is distance over time. To measure, two clocks are needed at the ends of this distance. The clocks must have “the same time”, - synchronised together.

This was so difficult to achieve, that until now nobody has succeeded to measure the one-way speed of light. But now, for the first time, the Author did measure the one-way speed of light, independent of synchronisation. Did not try to measure directly but measured an

*angle. - If the speed of the light changes – this inevitably changes the ray direction-angle (– as it happens in every optical lens). From this angle the speed can be calculated.**T*he Author aimed a telescope with a prism to a star opposite the Earth orbital path and the Earth orbital speed*ADDED*to the incoming ray-speed of this star, the changed light speed resulted to a change of the angle of the refraction. From this angle the speed was calculated, which in this case was the one-way speed of light and*established the anisotropic property of light.*In this paper the Author described 2 experiments and by repeating the experiment, this will supply official experimental proof, in a single stroke, that absurdities, like length contraction, time dilation, “the twin paradox” never existed. The Lorentz factor and consequently the Einstein relativity is now one of the great mistakes inflicted on physics.

Why it matters? Because now, speeds in Accelerators reaching close to the speed of light and invoking Relativity, it would result that some thousand times more energy would be needed to reach those speeds – which is an error of a thousand and further, according relativity, no “superluminal” is possible.

It is an accepted belief that without relativity modern technology would not work.

*The non-existence of relativity proved that it obviously could not have made the slightest difference in everyday technology.*CONTENT

*Light is always travels with respect to its source and respect to its receiver*.*Light was always anisotropic.*The speed of every forward moving light source is added to the speed of light –

resulting “superluminal” light speed. If the receiver moves against the emitted light, the result will be also “superluminal”. In everyday speeds this added increase compared to the speed of light was so minute, was not measurable.

The Author had to experiment with a much faster speed: The Earth orbital speed, compared to a star-ray opposite of the Earth orbit is 30 km/second and the speed of light is 300,000 km/second - This makes it a 1/10thousand difference, a 1/10thousand times light-speed increase to be measured.

The Michaelson-Morley did not measure the one-way speed of light.

The Author had to devise a new way of measurement: Did not to try to measure speed directly but

*measured an angle.**If the speed of light changes – this changes the direction – angle (as it happens in every optical lens according Snell’s law).*The Author invented a special telescope.

The telescope contained a prism at the front of the lens, this is the most vital part. The telescope first aimed to a faraway light, then to a star. The design allows the light to take two paths to the camera sensor, one path is through the prism and one part is direct. Mirrors are adjusted so that the two images will fall close together on the DSLR camera sensor.

Any difference between the 2 refraction angles, as determined by measuring the distance in pixels between the star’s image from the 2 parts and the images from a faraway light source indicated a light speed change. Using the equation of the Snells law the result can be calculated. This resulted in a 10 arc-second increase of the refraction angle which meant about 50 thousand km/hr speed change = faster than the fixed “speed of light”.

This first telescope was not professionally made. Obviously to certify it, another instrument must be made, which the Author is not able to do, without funds and facilities.

So, I am asking institutions or individuals to repeat my experiment.

The repeat experiment then, once and for all, will remove the restriction which relativity imposed on physics and at the same time proves that the nonsense of the Lorentz factor could not exist in real life.

And then they can be the first in physics to experimentally succeed to measure superluminal speeds.

Sole author: Stephen Deratz Email: deratz88@gmail.com

In addition the author invented a simpler experiment to measure the speed of light in One-Way and prove that light is anisotropic. The Deratz experiment:

The experiment consists of 2 refracting telescopes, mounted at 90 degree, each with focal length 600 mm. They produced a sharp image of a star at the sensors of the 2 identical digital SLR camera bodies. Telescope 2 aimed

directly at the star, telescope 1 at 90 degree via a 45 degree mirror. Both cameras released simultaneously .

First, aim at a faraway point-light on Earth and align the images of the two cameras.(fine-adjusting the mirror)

Then, aim at a star opposite the Earth orbital path. (use illuminated red dot or crosshair in the optical viewfinder of the camera).

If light travels in respect to its receiver = the orbital speed of the Earth, then this speed, v, will be added to the lightspeed incident to the mirror, resulting, v+c. but the 90-degree mirror reflected light is c . Changing the speed of the light, v+c to c, will change the angle. This angle will shift the image on the sensor of the camera, which can be evaluated. An angle of 20 arcsecond (which is also the angle of the aberration of the star,) results in a 13 pixel shift in a 12 Mp camera , or 26 pixel shift in a 24 Mp camera, which is decisive proof that light was always anisotropic.

This experiment, the “Deratz (anisotropic) experiment” is simple and uses standard parts.

Yet, it can measure the One-Way speed of light and completely disproves relativity.

Sole author: Stephen Deratz Email: deratz88@gmail.com